Hierarchy of waste management

Framework Directive 2008/98/EC on waste and repealing certain other directive obligates the Member States to take all necessary measures, which are designed to build a European recycling society with a high level of resource efficiency.

This directive:
  • defines recycling as any recovery operation by which waste materials are reprocessed into products, materials or substances whether for the original purpose or other purposes;
  • imposes on the Member States the following obligations:

“Member States shall take measures to promote high-quality recycling and, to this end, shall set up separate collections of waste where technically, environmentally and economically practicable and appropriate to meet the necessary quality standards for the relevant recycling sectors” [Article 11]

The directive lays down the hierarchy of dealing with waste, indicating that recycling is the most preferred method of disposal whenever it is not possible to prevent the emergence of waste or prepare it to be reused.

Scheme of circulation economy

The current policy of the European Commission in the field of waste focuses on adapting EU legislation to the implementation of the principles of the circular economy.

What is a circular economy ?
The concept of a circular economy places great emphasis on the reuse, repair, restoration, and recycling of materials and products. In this view, what was previously considered waste, can again be turned into resources.

The importance of the recycling industry in Poland and the European Union

Recycling is an essential element in building the circular economy in Europe. The processed waste once again becomes a raw material which can be used for production.

Strengthening the recycling industry will exert a direct impact on the implementation as well as the fulfilment of the demands of the circular economy in Poland and in Europe.

They are an essential link

in the functioning
of the waste market
in the country
and the EU

They contribute to the reduction

of waste disposal and
the economical
use of primary
raw materials

They generate economic growth

and contribute to
the development
of the secondary commodity
trading sector

Polish Recycling

Polish Recycling association promotes recycling of waste in Poland and supports the development of the domestic recycling industry. The Association brings together companies dealing in waste recycling, representing the industry's interest in state bodies, Polish and foreign institutions and organizations.


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